Focus: where the decision to grant employment, promotion, or admission is impacted by a persons race or gender
Current Government Legislation:
· Discrimination in the private sector is not directly constrained by the Constitution but has become subject to a growing body of federal and state statutes.
· 14th Amendment explicitly prohibits states from violating an individuals right of due process and equal protection.
· The Supreme Court upheld the affirmative action policies of the Department of Transportation of a Midwest state.
· The Supreme Court will decide by June if race can be used in college admissions, an issue that the justices have dealt with only once before, in a cloudy 1978 ruling that led to more confusion. (William Mears, CNN)
o The University of Michigan is defending itself against charges that it rejected white students because of their race.