In my paper, I conduct research about the actual and potential integration of cycling in the urban transportation, examined on the example of Budapest. The individual and social costs/benefits will be analysed compared to other modes of transport. As a result of this, complemented by an international review, the conclusion will be drawn that the cycling must be improved in the city. This is mainly (but not only) the responsibility of the municipality, by promotion, regulation and a wide range of incentive systems. As it can be seen also in the international examples, only a long-range, integrated scheme can ensure successful rise of the share of cycling in the modal split.