Initial Skills Training (IST) attrition occurs when a Sailor successfully completes boot camp, but fails to complete school and make it to the fleet as Hospital Corpsman. In order to meet operational requirements, policy makers must predict: 1) the number of Sailors and 2) the length of time required for Sailors to successfully complete IST.
Composite estimates of cohort losses based on a 2002 CNA report: Projected Attrition and Reenlistment for First-Term Sailors: FY02 projected that of the fifty-two thousand recruits that entered the Navy, three thousand sailors attrited from their initial training pipeline. When selection and classification is done properly, IST attrition is low. However, IST attrition is high and operational readiness suffers when the selection and classification process is done poorly. Historically, classifiers have used academic factors such as aptitude test scores, age, race, and high school diploma to match a sailor to a skill rating. Sailors are assigned to ratings characterized as high, low and moderate skill based on the length of the training pipeline: 1) high skill ratings are ratings with A school training pipelines of one hundred days or more, 2) low skill ratings are ratings with training pipelines of less than 50 days, and 3) moderate skill ratings, like the Hospital Corpsman rating, is in the middle, averaging not more than one hundred days of training, but not less than fifty days of training.
A study conducted by Navy Personnel Research, Studies and Technology: Selection and Classification for Enlisted Service stated that besides the historical predictors of success other non-academic factors such as, motivation, learning style, and occupational interest also play a significant role in student remediation, reclassification, and successful IST completion.
The Academic Review Process (ARP) provides a watchful eye for students experiencing academic and non-academic problems in IST. The function of the ARP is to make a recommendation to retain and reclassify, setback or remove the sailor from training.
This thesis will focus on the academic review process, how is it working, and its effectiveness in helping students successfully complete initial skills training (IST). It will examine the results of 321 students that faced the academic review process in fiscal year 2003