Utility of construction automation and robotics in South Africa
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Dear Sir / Madam,
Re: Utility of construction automation and robotics in South Africa
I would like to take this opportunity to sincerely thank you for taking time out from your busy schedule to conduct this survey. I am currently conducting a study as stated above in partial fulfilment of the requirements for Masters of Science degree in the built environment in construction management at the Nelson Mandela University in Port Elizabeth in the province of the Eastern Cape South Africa.

This survey is divided into five main areas: the demographic information, the level of utility of construction automation and robotics (construction automation and robotics) in SA and to other countries, issues and concerns regarding the utility of construction automation and robotics, barriers relative to construction automation and robotics and future trends of construction automation and robotics in SA. 

Please note that your anonymity (in respect of company name, and any owner, manager, employee names) and confidentiality of information provided is assured and will be used for academic purposes and will be published for academic purposes in a static form and the questionnaire should not take more than 10 – 15 minutes to complete.

Thanking you in anticipation of your response.


SECTION 1: DEMOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
Please indicate your gender
Male
Female
Please indicate your age+
Kindly indicate the highest level of education you have achieved
Please specify the number of years you have been working in the construction industry
Kindly specify your job title 
 
Kindly specify your duration in the same position
What type of services does your company offer? Tick where applicable 
In which sectors of the construction industry does your company operate? Tick all that apply 
 What is the total turnover of your company? Tick one
Where are the offices of operation of your company?  
Please specify number of branches
Approximate number of permanent employees that are currently working in your company? Tick one 
Section 2: Level of utility of construction automation and robotics (CAR) 
1.    Does your company use construction automation and robotics? Tick one. If no, please skip question 2 to 6 and move to question 12 in section 3 please tick where applicable
2.    If yes, tick where your company makes use of construction automation and robotics. 
3.    In which areas is construction automation and robotics mostly used? 
0NeverSeldomSometimesRegularlyHighlyN/A
Design 
Never
Scheduling/planning
Never
Costing/ tendering
Never
Project management 
Never
Quality assurance
Never
On site construction
Never
Others please specify
Never
4.    How long have you been using construction automation and robotics technology? Tick one
5.   Does the company acquire the equipment and software used for construction automation and robotics technologies within the country? If no, specify which countries
6.   If your company uses construction automation and robotics for on-site construction, please answer Question 6 and 7, if not, please go to Section 3 
7.   In which areas is construction automation and robotics mostly used? 
Never
Seldom
Sometimes 
Regularly
Highly
Earthworks
Structural steelworks
Building assembly 
Painting
Others please specify
Section 3: Issues and concerns regarding the utility of construction automation and robotics. Tick where applicable 
Why do you think your company uses construction automation and robotics technologies more predominantly in certain areas but not is others? (example: used more in design but not during the construction phase) Tick all that apply 
What do you think are the main problems associated with the use of construction automation and robotics technologies in construction?) Tick all that apply 
Do you think some projects are more suited to the implementation of construction automation and robotics compared to others? Tick one 
If yes, please state in which construction projects you think construction automation and robotics are most suited to? Tick all that apply 
Do you think construction automation and robotics is mainly used in larger construction companies compared to other smaller ones? Tick one 
Do you think companies operating internationally would use more construction automation and robotics technologies compared to companies operating locally or within their own country? Tick one 
Section 4: Perceived barriers for construction automation and robotics implementation
Please rate the following barriers to the implementation of construction automation and robotics  technologies for on-site construction
Please rate the following barriers to the implementation of construction automation and robotics  technologies for on-site construction
Minor
Moderate
Major
Very
significant
High costs / substantial financial commitment in acquiring the technologies
Construction automation and robotics technologies are expensive to update and maintain
Incompatibility of the technologies with existing practices and current construction operations
The nature and size of the construction project makes the technologies difficult to implement
Construction automation and robotics technologies are difficult to use and not easily understood
Construction automation and robotics technologies are unavailable locally or are difficult to acquire
Low technology literacy of stakeholders
Others please specify
Section 5: Future trends and opportunities 
Future trends and opportunities on CONSTRUCTION AUTOMATION AND ROBOTICS  for the next 10 years
Strongly disagree
Disagree
Neither agree nor disagree
Agree
Strongly agree
There will be greater awareness of construction automation and robotics technologies within the construction industry
Construction automation and robotics technologies will be cheaper to acquire and operate
There will be a significantly larger range of construction automation and robotics technologies available for use in construction
The use of construction automation and robotics will enable firms to operate more efficiently and competitively
In future, there will be greater standardisation of the design and construction processes
The technologies will be easily available across the world
The number of construction companies using construction automation and robotics will increase significantly
Construction automation and robotics technologies will be easier to install and operate
There will be greater integration within the construction industry with the use of construction automation and robotics
The technologies will be readily accepted by the workers and the industry
What do you think are the opportunities available to construction companies in terms of increasing the use of construction automation and robotics technologies in their projects?  Please write your comments below, if any 
Do you have any comments about this survey or the use of construction automation and robotics in general?
Thank you for your assistance in this research and for completing the questionnaire. Please be assured that all information obtained in confidential. If you wish to receive a summary of the findings of this survey, please do complete your personal details below. These details will be stored separately from the questionnaire reposes in order to maintain confidentiality.
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