To ground the work, we will develop an inventory of the current knowledge from across the world on the related methodological, policy, and investment approaches and measures related to this domain. In this phase, the research will take advantage of the vast research completed in this field, in both the EU and US, with the purpose of providing insightful information on the implementation of different instruments and the reaction of stakeholders in urban development projects. This will provide the in-depth knowledge needed to enable a better understanding of the strategic behaviour of the various agents involved in the relevant processes. In addition, the work will involve a detailed assessment of the institutional and finance structures governing the relevant systems in Portugal � this will allow the development and calibration of realistic measures to capitalize on the transportation and land development interactions. Finally, we will focus on the data gathering and management systems necessary to continuously understand the built environment and mobility systems and their evolution in time, thus providing a foundation for: (1) understanding the �status quo� land development patterns across Portugal; (2) an information platform for the analytical work (systems modelling) to be undertaken; and (3) an urban information management tool for use by the public and private sectors. This will include implementation of residential location and transport preferences surveys (activity-based, revealed and stated preferences) and stakeholders� key information surveys (and/or focus groups) in the selected cases.
The project will develop, employ, and compare several urban systems modelling techniques, such as discrete choice modelling and other innovative techniques like agent-based modelling encompassed in a system dynamics approach. The modelling activity will focus on particular urban area(s) in Portugal. The approach will enable a better understanding of the most appropriate modelling technique, depending on the context, but will also enable a comparison of the variation of results depending on the technique used. The results will enable a rigorous evaluation of the relations between city development patterns and transportation behaviour (e.g., car dependency), which will enable, for example, the exploration of new concepts of urban renewal oriented towards innovative transport solutions (from the organizational and technological point of view), and new visions for the so-called �transit-oriented development.� To aid in the evaluation of the potential outcomes, we will propose and implement a set of indicators, effectively capturing the concept of an integrated level of service between land use and transportation (e.g., accessibility, etc.) as a measure of overall quality of urban life.
Finally, the research envisages producing recommendations on design for various types of urban development operations and associated use of the different transport modes (motorised and non-motorised), as well as on sharing of investment costs and risks between public and private agents.
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