University of Southern Mississippi

Project Description

Changes in sleep effected by internet delivery of psychoeducation.

Project Abstract

Insomnia, the most prevalent sleep disorder, is thought to affect at least fifteen percent of the adult population. Among university students the rate rises to xx%. Even more troubling than the high rate of occurrence is the low rate of persons receiving treatment, less than xx%. Chronic insomnia is effectively treated with cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), yet few people chose this option. Reasons may include lack of insurance coverage, as opposed to coverage for hypnotic prescription drugs. There is also the desire and anxiety to correct the problem quickly that a hypnotic would appear to meet better than CBT. Research indicates that combining hypnotics with CBT is as effective as CBT alone, where as either approach is more effective than hypnotics alone. If the most prevalent choice is the least effective in resolving the problem, in addition to being expensive in cost, to say nothing of possible adverse side effects, it is important to work to change this trend. By educating the adult population about effective sleep hygiene and dispelling myths about sleep needs, it may be possible to avert circumstances that present an urgent need for hypnotics. As a result perhaps the more cost-effective and long-term success method of CBT could become the dominant treatment sought by sufferers and recommended by physicians. Current research of the effectiveness of internet delivery of certain therapies has been encouraging, but statistical significance has been limited (with regard to insomnia) to sleep onset latency. Successful use of the internet for CBT therapy would remove the obstacle of cost, as well as be available to the public at their convenience and time of need. The purpose of the proposed study is two-fold in that it not only is intended to assess and address the need for a means of providing psychoeducation to university students regarding importance of good sleep hygiene to their academic performance as well as their personal health, dispel myths and raise awareness of sleep facts, but also to contribute to the body of knowledge by further investigating the use of modern technology, i.e., the internet and e-mail, in self-treatment of insomnia.

Surveys released for this project:
SleepyStudentsSurvey 169
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