There are many programs sponsored by the government, community, nonprofit organizations, universities, and K-12 schools that are effective in addressing the issues that face first generation students of low socioeconomic status. Although these programs can be successful in helping students enroll and persist in higher education, it is necessary to higher education administrators as well as K-12 administrators to be equally able to address issues of access and persistence in these students.
Career and academic guidance and counseling are services that both K-12 schools and colleges normally provide to their students. First-generation students typically enroll into higher education institutions with the express purpose of acquiring the means to improve their socioeconomic standing and accomplish educational goals. However, they are also less aware of the options regarding career choice and self-assessment. If disadvantaged students are able to develop career and academic goals with the help of education administrators, perhaps they will be more likely to enroll in and persist in higher education.