In the survey of grades, one area that is examined is the institutional viewpoint. Grades do not just reflect the student�s performance, but also the institutions. Too many A�s received might ruin the university�s larger standing in the academic profession. Therefore, some restraints are placed on professors to ensure university integrity. The question of fairness towards the student is only examined by opinion pieces in the Chronicles of Higher Education, not in existence surveys. Is the movement towards curving grade a business decision than an academic one?
Finally, conflict resolution tends to be limited towards business and politics � civil or intrastate rivalry. The other sphere of academics is left out of the discussion. One possible reason is the need and severity in the first two, but with the weight of studies in those fields, one can safely begin to extend the discipline to other areas.