The goal of this research-based thesis is to gain insight into the factors of the Health Belief Model and theory of reasoned action related to various health protective behaviors in men age 18-40 years of age. In addition, the study will contrast mens knowledge, attitudes, and risk perceptions of prostate cancer with that of breast cancer. Specifically the study will seek determine the following:
1. What are the current levels of knowledge, attitudes, perceived threats, perceived barriers, and perceived benefits for prostate cancer?
2. What are the current levels of knowledge, attitudes, and perceived risks for breast cancer in women?
3. To what extent do the constructs of the Health Belief Model and the Theory of Reasoned action correlate with intention to discuss prostate cancer with others, screen for prostate cancer, or remain informed about prostate cancer?
4. Do the current levels of knowledge of breast cancer in women and knowledge of prostate cancer differ significantly?
5. Do the general attitudes regarding breast cancer and general attitudes regarding prostate cancer differ significantly?
6. What are the primary sources of information about prostate, and breast cancers?
7. Who do men talk to about prostate and breast cancer, if anyone?
The survey will be conducted on-line, via the Internet. An electronic invitation to participate in the study will be sent to each potential participant. The invitation will provide a brief description of the project along with an HTML link to the survey for those individuals who choose to participate. Up to three additional reminder emails spaced at one week intervals from the original mailing will be sent to those who do not respond. The total participation time will be 20-30 minutes and will require access to an Internet connection.
In an effort to reduce the incidence of reproductive cancers in adult males national health recommendations have suggested that a greater emphasis be placed upon fostering preventative health behaviors among adult men, yet little is known about health behaviors, knowledge, awareness and risk perceptions related to prostate cancer among men younger than 40 years of age. Furthermore, given the extensive media coverage of breast cancer in women relative to prostate cancer in men, there is reason to believe that men may know more about breast cancer in women they do about the cancers they are most at risk of developing themselves. This study will explore the knowledge, awareness, perceptions and health seeking behaviors of men for prostate cancer, and will contrast these factors to what men know about breast cancer. This research is intended to be utilized in a thesis, and possible publication.