Data quality is a collection of several characteristics that determine the usability and trustability of the data.
Accuracy: The insights gained from the survey data can be trusted only if the data is free from errors. It must imitate real-life situations and holds true for both quantitative and qualitative data. The accuracy of research data depends on the honest answers of the respondents and the right demographic representation in the target audience.
Completeness: Respondents must answer all questions in the survey to be considered a complete response. Having answers to only some questions doesn't give an idea of the whole picture.
Validity: Data is considered valid if it's in the right format and range. You must be able to collect data that can be readily visualized and used in a format that makes sense.
Relevancy: Data can be time-sensitive. The research conducted five years ago may not be relevant now. The survey results must be fresh and reflect the current reality.
QuestionPro lets you find and flag the errors, bad or duplicate survey data without manual intervention. Our tool accesses each answer and has full control over repetitive values, spikes, and spoofing. The result is clean, accurate, and quality data that can be used to gain actionable insights.
Consider a scenario in which a respondent tries to answer a survey multiple times. If allowed, it will lead to bad data and affect data quality. With data quality check enabled, the duplicate responses will be flagged. The users have an option to review the answer and unflag it.
In the example below, the first response was considered valid, but the second response from the same IP address was be marked duplicate.
QuestionPro's data quality tool can check the data quality of textual responses collected through open-ended questions, and quantitative data collected from multiple choice and graphical questions.
QuestionPro improved data quality by correcting below errors in the survey results:
One word answers: Open-ended questions are used to get an elaborate response for the survey-takers. If the answers contain less than or equal to three characters, the response will be marked as a one-word answer.
Learn more: Data quality - One-word answers
Duplicate text across responses: If there are duplicate answers across the responses, the first answer will be considered original, and all subsequent answers will be marked duplicate.
Learn more: Duplicate text across responses
All checkboxes selected: In multiple-choice questions with all the boxes ticked, it will be flagged by the data quality tool.
Learn more: Data quality - All checkboxes selected
Patterned responses: Sometimes, respondents do not take due diligence while answering matrix questions and select options in a straight line or zig-zag pattern. All such responses are considered erroneous.
Learn more: Patterned responses
Duplicate IP responses: Responses from the same IP address are considered as duplicate.
Learn more: Duplicate IP across responses
Speed traps: Respondents who complete the survey before the average time to complete the questionnaire are assumed to be dishonest. All such responses are flagged.
Learn more: Speed traps
Gibberish words: All responses to open-ended questions containing gibberish words are bad data and flagged in the system.
Learn more: Gibberish words
Researchers conduct surveys to derive value and insights from the data collected. However, the usability of the data depends on the data quality. The resources spent on conducting research will go in vain if you don't emphasize on the quality of data collected.
As more organizations increasingly use data, it has become imperative for any business to make choices based on data. The decisions backed by data not only have a high potential to be correct but also are essential to staying competitive in the market.
Bad data can lead to decisions that turn into costly mistakes. According to a research study conducted by Gartner, poor data quality leads to a loss of $15M on average per year. If you base your decision on bad data, you are likely to make the wrong choice. The better the data quality, the higher the chances of success.
Better decisions: It is risky to make decisions based on bad data. With high-quality data, you can be more confident about the insights derived from the research results.
Effective business strategy: Good quality data can help you find the right people to target for your next marketing campaign. For instance, a research project aimed to find clothing preferences across different demographic groups can rightly answer your questions, provided the data quality is good.
Higher chances of success: Data with duplicate responses and errors dilute the efficacy of insights generated from the survey reports. Clean, error-free, and relevant data reduce risks and increase the chances of higher ROI.
Learn how to set up and use this feature with our help file on data quality.