Multiple choice question types (closed-ended)
Multiple choice closed-ended questions:
Multiple choice closed-ended questions allow the respondents to choose one or more answers from a given list of answer options. You can define the answer options of your own choice or you can use a pre-existing set of dichotomous answers, such as yes/no, true/false, or ranking scale response options. It also allows you to add "other" option where the respondents can fill in their own answer choice.
What are the advantages of multiple choice close-ended questions?
- Multiple choice closed-ended questions are more easily analyzed. Every answer can be given a number or value so that a statistical interpretation can be assessed. Closed-ended questions are also better suited for computer analysis. If open-ended questions are analyzed quantitatively, the qualitative information is reduced to coding and answers tend to lose some of their initial meaning. Because of the simplicity of closed-ended questions, this kind of loss is avoided.
- Multiple choice closed-ended questions can be more specific, thus more likely to communicate similar meanings. Because open-ended questions allow respondents to use their own words, it is difficult to compare the meanings of the responses.
- In large-scale surveys, closed-ended questions take less time from the interviewer, the participant and the researcher, and so is a less expensive survey method. The response rate is higher with surveys that use closed-ended question than with those that use open-ended questions.
- Radio buttons: A radio button or option button is a type of graphical user interface element that allows the respondents to choose only one option from a predefined set of options.
- Check boxes: A check box (checkbox, tickbox, or tick box) is a graphical user interface element (widget) that permits the respondents to make multiple selections from a number of options.
- Drop-down: A drop-down list is a user interface control GUI element, similar to a list box, which allows the respondents to choose one value from a list. When a drop-down list is inactive, it displays a single value. When activated, it displays (drops down) a list of values, from which the respondents may select one.
- Select lists: A list box is a GUI widget that allows the user to select one or more items from a list contained within a static, multiple line text box. The respondent can click inside the box on an item to select it, sometimes in combination with the shift key or Control key in order to make multiple selections.